The agreement comes after more than two decades in which the two sides have sought closer relations. On the one hand, the European Union wants to ensure that its imports of cereals and natural gas from Ukraine and its merchandise exports to Ukraine are not threatened by instability in the region, believing that instability could ultimately be reduced by socio-political and economic reforms in Ukraine. [7] Ukraine, on the other hand, wants to increase its exports by taking advantage of free trade with the European Union, while attracting desirable external investment and strengthening ties with a socio-political unit with which many Ukrainians have a strong cultural link. Western Ukraine is generally more enthusiastic about joining the EU than eastern Ukraine. [9] [10] The full association agreement was ratified by the Ukrainian and European parliaments on 16 September. The agreement has been ratified to date by six EU member states, but the full ratification process could take another two years. That is why, and to help Ukraine during its many crises, the EU unilaterally abolished tariffs on 95% of Ukrainian products for duty-free access under the CCFTA in April. It intends to maintain this policy until 1 January 2016, when the DCFTA will come into force through a procedure called `provisional application`, regardless of the state of ratification by EU Member States. If Ukraine opted for the agreement, the customs union of the Eurasian Economic Commission of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia would withdraw from free trade agreements with the country, said Russian presidential adviser Sergei Glazyev. [193] On 21 November 2013, a Ukrainian government decree suspended preparations for the signing of the agreement, which was to be signed at an EU summit in Vilnius from 28 to 29 November 2013, and it was not signed.

[h] [50] [58] [59] [60] [63] [64] [67] [79] The decision to organize the signing of the Association Agreement led to the Ukrainian revolution in 2014. [72] [199] The Association Council reaffirmed the parties` ongoing commitment to strengthen Ukraine`s political association and economic integration in the EU, on the basis of the Association Agreement, its deep and comprehensive free trade area and the common values enshrined in it.